PREDYNASTIC AND EARLY DYNASTIC PERIODS
Painting and Sculpture
PALETTE OF KING NARMER
Narmer’s palette’s narration is the normal form in Egypt, the artist use registers to make the palette more orderly, the figures in the palette combining profile view and frontal view. The pharaoh is the biggest in the center.
Mastaba is the standard tomb type in early Egypt. It’s a rectangular brick or stone structure with sloping sides.
IMHOTEP AND DJOSER
The stepped pyramid of Djoser resembles a series of stacked Mastabas.
The pyramid of Khufu is a famous pyramid, it stores three pharaohs’ corpses and had a lot of inscriptions in the champer, to keep pharaohs’ afterlife
Its head is an image of a pharaoh, Khafre or Khufu, it shows pharaoh’s intelligence and strength.
It’s a seated statue of Khafre, this statue manifest the purpose: to last for eternity.
MENKAURE AND KHAMERERNEBTY
This statue shows the image of Menkaure and one of his wives. The statue depicts the couple without any affection and love, just serves as an eternal substitute for the ka.
When their hierarchy is low, their formality will decrease but realism will increase. This scribe’s chest is sagging and belly is protruding.
TOMB OF TI
On the wall of his tomb, it shows Ti are hunting with other people, Ti was doing nothing, but he is very big than other people, the animals are scared of them. It depicts the supreme and life hereafter.
In the middle kingdom, it is very different than the old kingdom, like this sculpture of Sunusret’s head, he showed anxiety and moody, sunk in brooding meditation.
Most typical tomb character in the middle kingdom is rock-cut, like the tomb of Beni Hasan. The structurer formed a shallow columnar porch, which Greek architects emulated.
It’s the royal mortuary temple of Hatshepsut, the female pharaoh. Her kneeling status shows her image of male, Egyptians called her “his majesty”.
It’s the royal mortuary temple of Ramses II, there are four rock-cut statues dominated before the temple of Ramses II. in the narrow corridor, there are several colossal pillars facing each other showing the image of the human.
The temple of Amen-Re at Karnak has a gigantic hypostyle hall built by stone. These rock-cut columns formed clerestory admitted light through windows with stone grilles.
Sculpture and Painting
SENMUT AND NEFRURA
This block statue shows the queen’s chancellor Senmut embraces the queen’s daughter Nefrura,
TOMB OF NEBAMUN
The fresco of Nebamun’s tomb depicted the afterlife of Nebamun with his daughter and his wife, he was hunting a fowl.